Iris was the daughter of Thaumas, a son of Pontos (the Sea), and Elektra, a daughter of Okeanos (Ocean). Her sisters were the Harpies, and her husband was sometimes said to be Zephyrus. Story … The parents of Iris were Thaumas and Electra. In Greek Mythology, Apollo was the God of Light, and it was his job to pull the sun across the sky in his 4-horse chariot every day. Iris was a swift messenger goddess in Greek mythology and a popular subject for vase painting, but better known as the goddess of the rainbow because Hermes (Mercury) is known as the messenger god. Updates? The goddess of messages had several allies that include Hera, Hermes, and Leto. Family of Iris. Well she is also one of the goddess that rules the seas and the skies. Who is the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Ares? Her hair is bound with a head-scarf (sakkos). A goddess named “Iris” personified the rainbow in the mythology of ancient Greece. The Greek goddess of rainbows is Iris. According to the Greek poet Hesiod, she was the daughter of Thaumas and the ocean nymph Electra. Apollo was the son of Zeus (the God of Thunder) […] Where It was the rainbow Goddesses job to collect for the swearing solemn oaths. Iris was to be found during the Titianomachy, the war between the Olympians and the Titans. She is the goddess of the rainbow. Iris, the winged goddess of the rainbow, stands holding a herald's wand (kerykeion) in one hand and an oinochoe jug in the other. As the Greek goddess of the rainbow, Iris was considered the swift-fooded "Messenger of Light." The daughter of Thaumas and Electra, she’s sadly deficient in followers.. One day over the rainbow she used to bring Hera’s messages to mankind, but now spends most of her time stuck on Greek vases waiting to be noticed as bypassers gabble into their cell phones.. Once her courier service for Hera and Zeus was second to none. Everything about kings fighting, soldiers and everything that went on. According to the Greek poet Hesiod, she was the daughter of Thaumas and the ocean nymph Electra. In some versions of Greek mythology, Iris is the mother of Pothos. Iris had golden wings and Arkhe had iridescent ones. Iris thought it was love at first sight. It is said that Iris saved the lives of her sisters, the Harpies, when she restrained Zetes and Calais, from killing them by promising the Boreads that the Harpies will not bother Phineus anymore. This ancient Greek flower has a story, and that story is that of the goddess Iris. A daughter of Thaumas and Electra, it seems that Iris was the only divine messenger in the earlier days, but at a later time, when Hermes assumed that function as well, she became Hera’s faithful servant. Most works of art depict her either in the form of a beautiful rainbow, or as a lovely maiden. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who led the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece? A startling case in point can be found in the last book of the “Iliad,” when Zeus sends Iris to inform Priam about his merciful decision concerning his son’s dead body, and Hermes to merely conduct the Trojan king unnoticed to Achilles. Homer equated her with the war-goddess Enyo, whose Roman counterpart is Bellona.The dwarf planet Eris is named after the goddess. She is along side madness when she shakes her fist and curses Heracles. Probably because of the connection between rainbows and rain, Iris was sometimes said to have been the wife of Zephyrus, the rainy West Wind. The rainbow is observed in the direction opposite to the Sun. By command of Zeus, the king of the gods, she carries an ewer of water from the River Styx, with which she puts to sleep all who perjure themselves. Iris was the daughter of the sea god Thaumas and the Oceanid Electra. Iris was one of the few Olympians who was able to travel to the underworld. The Ancient Greeks combined these two functions in Iris, since, as a meteorological phenomenon, the rainbow appears to connect heaven and earth, and, by extension, it was only suitable that its spirit should serve as the link between the gods and the mortals. During the Titanomachy, Iris was the messenger of the Olympian gods while her twin sister Arke betrayed the Olympians and became the messenger of the Titans. The Titanomachy was the war between the Titans, and Zeus and his siblings. Iris was the daughter of the sea god Thaumas and the Oceanid Electra. Iris loved to help poor mortals, and tears filled her eyes when she heard how this lonely woman longed to see the one she loved so well. This Goddess had no specific myths of her own or temples dedicated to her. According to the legend, the name iris is derived from Eiris, the Greek goddess, whose task is as a messenger between the gods in heaven and those of creatures of the earth. Iris was reading her mail from Electra, her mother from the cloud palace, as she was making her way to Mount Olympus' palace, finding Hera for a message from the Muses and Nymphs. In art, Iris was normally portrayed with wings, and her attributes were the herald’s staff and a vase. Her parents were Thaumas and Electra. She was a granddaughter of Gaea (the goddess of Earth) and the sea god Pontus. She was a granddaughter of Gaea (the goddess of Earth) and the sea god Pontus. Iris is shown with wings, a ( kerykeion ) herald's staff, and a pitcher of water. Iris was the daughter of the obscure Titan Thaumas and the Oceanid Electra and the sister of the Harpies. Described as “wind-footed” and “storm-footed,” as well as “golden-winged” and “dewy,” just like her male counterpart Hermes, Iris was often portrayed with winged sandals (talaria) and a messenger’s staff (kerykeion). IMAGE DETAIL. Her Roman equivalent is Discordia, which means the same.Eris's Greek opposite is Harmonia, whose Roman counterpart is Concordia. Iris and Zephyrus have a son named Pothos. Titanomachy - The goddess Iris would appear in the works of many ancient writers, and although today no complete story of the Titianomachy remains, Iris was said to have taken part in it. She is a beautiful young woman described as wearing a multi-hued gown. Stories of Iris in Ancient Greece. Her foe is Demeter. Iris also appears in the myth Euripides. Interestingly enough, even though Hermes ended up being the more famous one of the two messengers, it seems that it was Iris who monopolized the function in the earlier days. The water would render unconscious for one year any god or goddess who lied. Iris is also mentioned in the third “Homeric Hymn to Apollo” in connection with the delayed birth of Apollo and Artemis. All about Iris the Greek Goddess of the rainbow and messenger of the Gods. She was a sister of the winged Harpies. The queen of the gods wears tiara-crown and holds a royal sceptre and cup in her hands. Eris (/ ˈ ɪər ɪ s, ˈ ɛr ɪ s /; Greek: Ἔρις Éris, "Strife") is the Greek goddess of strife and discord. Stories of Iris in Ancient Greece. Goddess of the Rainbow Iris flies on the wind and moves like a blast of bright air. The lliad myth is that last few weeks that went on in the Trojan war. A beautiful young goddess with golden wings and a heralds rod, Iris was often protrayed with a water-pitcher in her hand. During the war, Iris would act as a messenger between Zeus and the Hecatonchires and Cyclopes. Family of Iris. Iris was the messenger to the gods and mortals. Her siblings were The Harpies. She was considered to be the goddess … Iris was a very special goddess and was extremely important to the ancient Greeks and in the stories of other Greek gods and goddesses. She is, with Hermes, the messenger of the Olympian gods. Iris is an important and well-appreciated goddess throughout Mount Olympus. The Titanomachy was the war between the Titans, and Zeus and his siblings. Iris and Zephyrus have a son named Pothos. According to a myth, Iris mated with the Zephyr and created Eros, the winged god of love- although most authors mention her as a virgin in their myths. Iris: GreekMythology.com - Jan 11, 2021, The Original Messenger: Iris Compared with Hermes, At a later date, the poets tried differentiating between the functions of. Iris was one of the first deities to ally themselves to Zeus, Poseidon and Hades. The divine messenger is mentioned in the famous story, the Iliad; in which Iris doesn`t have a very important role. This Goddess had no specific myths of her own or temples dedicated to her. In Hesiod’s works, at least, she had the additional duty of carrying water from the River Styx in a ewer whenever the gods had to take a solemn oath. Iris frequently appears in Homer’s “Iliad,” relaying messages to Helen, scolding gods for meddling in the Trojan War against Zeus’ orders (especially Poseidon) or encouraging Achilles to retrieve the body of his dead friend Patroclus from the battlefield. Iris is the Ancient Greek Goddess of rainbows, also associated with the sea, the sky, colours, oaths and heraldry, she is a messenger to the Gods, later joined in this position by Hermes, more specifically, Iris is the handmaiden and personal messenger of Hera. Her siblings were The Harpies. Iris, in Greek mythology, the personification of the rainbow and (in Homer’s Iliad, for example) a messenger of the gods. She wore wings on her shoulders and usually carried a pitcher in one hand. Iris' symbols were the Rainbow, the Talaria (winged sandals) and the Kerykeion (messenger’s staff). Omissions? Iris usually was seen as a errand runner or a messenger in many stories. It is distinguished from symbolic behaviour (cult, ritual) and symbolic places or objects (temples, icons). Just as natural was the choice of the goddess’ name: iris is the Greek word for “rainbow,” still surviving in English in words such as “iridescent,” defined by OED as “displaying colors like those of the rainbow.”. The coloured rays of the rainbow are caused by the…, Myth, a symbolic narrative, usually of unknown origin and at least partly traditional, that ostensibly relates actual events and that is especially associated with religious belief. Origins and Genealogy: Her … The clouds caught the tears from the eyes of Iris, and quickly made ready for her the glorious rainbow bridge, reaching from Dreamland to the wonderful Garden of the Gods. Iris was a swift messenger goddess in Greek mythology and a popular subject for vase painting, but better known as the goddess of the rainbow because Hermes (Mercury) is known as the messenger god. IRIS was the goddess of the rainbow and the messenger of the Olympian gods. She also serves nectar to the goddesses and gods to drink. A daughter of Thaumas and Electra, it seems that Iris was the only divine messenger in the earlier days, but at a later time, when Hermes assumed that function as well, she became Hera’s faithful servant. In some stories, her sister Arkhe who left the Olympians to join the Titans as their goddess of messaging. However, she didn't get this attitude from herself, it was her loving and kind friends who showed the the support of fulfilling her dreams, as she thought she was a powerless goddess of the rainbow, to … Her sisters are the Harpies; Aello, Celaeno and Ocypete. Iris the Goddess of the Sky, the Sea and Rainbows. Origins and Genealogy: Her … She was often described as the handmaiden and personal messenger of Hera. A beautiful young goddess with golden wings and a heralds rod, Iris was often protrayed with a water-pitcher in her hand. According to Greek mythology, Iris was the goddess of rainbows and is often considered a messenger goddess as well. She is often described as the handmaiden and personal messenger of Hera. Iris was the messenger to the gods and mortals. She carried messages from heaven to earth on the arc of the rainbow, and was a companion to female souls on the way to heaven. Iris flies on wind and moves just like a blast of bright air. Myths are…, Greek mythology, body of stories concerning the gods, heroes, and rituals of the ancient Greeks. Her name comes from Indo-European ‘wei-1’, ‘To turn, twist’ and ‘rei-2’. Iris is the goddess … Iris was the goddess of the rainbow and a messenger for Zeus and Hera, and many believe that the flower is named after her. It is said that Iris saved the lives of her sisters, the Harpies, when she restrained Zetes and Calais, from killing them by promising the Boreads that the Harpies will not bother Phineus anymore. When looking at Greek statues, she is … ‘Striped and in various colors’. Iris, is a portrayed as a beautiful young woman with golden wings, who carries a caduceus or a bucket of water on her journeys. From fruits to winged sandals, test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman mythology. The Greeks do not seem to have a myth of the creation of rainbows but they do realize its nature: The rainbow, everlying just beyond reach, even suggests the whole world of myth, hovering just beyond imagination, just beyond history (Bell, 267). This ancient Greek flower has a story, and that story is that of the goddess Iris. This is why, on Hera’s behalf, in Euripides’ “Heracles,” Iris commands the reluctant Lyssa – the spirit of frenzy and mad rage – to afflict Heracles with a fit of madness which causes him to murder his sons. She saw a figure with perfectly styled hair, enchanting blue eyes and his little smile. She is called 'The Rainbow, Iris' thus implying that her presence is a sign of hope or perhaps symbolizing a bridge between heaven and earth. Probably because of the connection between rainbows and rain, Greek Mythology iOS Volume Purchase Program VPP for Education App, Rainbow, Talaria (winged sandals), Kerykeion (messenger’s staff). During this period, Iris is reported as performing many vital tasks, such as informing Menelaus of Helen’s abduction or even autonomously granting Achilles’ prayers and summoning the winds to ignite the funeral pyre of his friend Patroclus. Iris was the Greek goddess – or, better yet, personification – of the rainbow, and a messenger for the gods. According to Greek mythology, Iris was the goddess of rainbows and is often considered a messenger goddess as well. Iris was the goddess of messages, communications, and rainbows. When looking at Greek statues, she is … Iris is the Greek goddess (or personification) of the rainbow which connects the world of the gods with humanity. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Iris is mentioned in the lliad myth as a messenger of Zeus. Where It was the rainbow Goddesses job to collect for the swearing solemn oaths. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It is because Hermes (Mercury) is called the messenger god. However, already in the “Odyssey,” the role of the divine messenger is taken by Hermes in its entirety, and Iris is never mentioned. In Virgil’s “Aeneid,” Iris is explicitly portrayed as Hera’s envoy. 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